ALLIANCE FOR A NEW NATION
ALLIANCE FOR A NEW NATION
Over half a dozen political parties and organizations in and out of Cuba
have formed a strategic alliance with the combined goal of accelerating
a transition towards democracy and creating specific goals for the
future Cuban nation.
Our document does not aim at commingling numerous political currents and
diverging views that will end in a short lived influence. We distance
ourselves from generalizations and make proposals that leave no doubt as
to the political philosophy of its signatories. In that manner we hope
to have a deeper and more lasting effect upon the developments that will
occur in Cuba.
We want to clarify that this is not a project or plan for government.
Governments are only formed by free, democratic, transparent elections.
This is a program that will be presented to the Cuban people when it can
act on its own destiny in free elections.
Under the title of Alliance for a New Nation, we deal with topics such
as: the unconditional freedom of all political prisoners, the
legalization of political parties and civic organizations, the
participation of exiles in the political process, the writing of a new
constitution based on the Constitution of 1940 and other constitutions
of the free world, development of election laws where present members of
the dictatorship would be excluded as candidates, and the transformation
of the present command economy into a free market economy where
privatization of state properties will have a significant role.
In this early stage, the document has been signed by representatives of
the Centro de Informacion sobre Democracia, Frente Democratico
Independiente "Elena Mederos", Instituto Juvenil Cristiano de Estudios
Sociales, Movimiento de Derechos Humanos Municipios de Cuba, Partido
Nacionalista Democratico de Cuba, Partido Popular Joven Cuba, Partido
Republicano de Cuba, Sindicato Independiente Cambio and Union Lucista. —–
Those interested in more details, can examine the following document or
call Alfredo M. Cepero, Secretary General of the Nationalist Democratic
Party of Cuba, at (305) 322-7111
ALLIANCE FOR A NEW NATION
Every day there is more evidence of the maneuvers that the dictatorship
does to guarantee the continuity of the communist political system.
Nevertheless, the political opposition to the regime in and out of Cuba
seeks ways that will permit the return to democracy and give the people
the possibility of choosing a different future, in a framework of
respect for human rights and a true working legal system.
It is important that these civic and political organizations maintain
their projects in an ethical level that will permit us to really change
the ideological, judicial, and institutional basis in which the
communist regime has operated for more than four decades.
Cuba needs important changes that will permit a real representative and
participatory democracy that will allow its citizens to develop their
full potential. To bring about these changes, it is necessary to have
certain conditions that will lead to a true transition.
On the other hand, we consider it necessary to clarify that we do not
speak for all the opposition; that would be unrealistic. We only
establish certain points by which the following organizations agree to
work in unison.
IMMEDIATE AND UNCONDITIONAL FREEDOM TO ALL POLITICAL PRISONERS AND
PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE.
It is absolutely necessary that all repression against pro-democracy and
pro-human rights activists be stopped immediately. It is
incomprehensible to speak about the least willingness for change in the
present dictatorship while hundreds are jailed for political activism
and opposition. At the same time we consider of extreme importance that
all pending legal actions against political activists be canceled.
We seek to unite efforts in taking advantage of all available
opportunities to expose the situation in which our jailed brothers and
sisters find themselves, as well as promote solidarity with them.
RECOGNITION AND LEGALIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND ASSOCIATIONS THAT
MAKE UP THE GROWING CIVIL SOCIETY.
The solution to the national crisis requires the participation of
alternative political and civic movements. The mechanism to bring about
this recognition and legalization are not difficult. It would be enough
to activate Association Law #54 so that those organizations that have
applied for legal recognition can operate in a normal manner.
PARTICIPATION OF EXILES IN THE TRANSITION PROCESS.
We are opposed to all arguments that aim to leave exiles outside the
process of an opposition that seeks the democratization of Cuba. During
many decades exiles have led the efforts for freedom and have lobbied
the world to take notice of the reality inside Cuba.
Exile is part of the Cuban nation and has a vast experience that can
strengthen any process towards change that might occur in Cuba. Like men
and women with strong democratic ideals in and out of the country, we
have different view points on how to solve the national problems; but
there is no doubt that we are all moved by as sacred responsibility
towards the country and its people. These conditions should be a take
off point to speak about a transition towards democracy.
However, in order to guarantee the future of our nation, the transition
toward democracy should take place taking into account the following
CREATION OF A NEW MAGNA CARTA AND APPLICATION OF SECTIONS OF THE 1940
CONSTITUTION DURING THE TRASITION PROCESS.
Cuba had and still has the fortune to have a constitutional text created
in consensus and in a democratic process. The 1940 Constitution, even
though it may have some omissions and defects, is considered by many
jurists to have the right framework to set off a transition process.
Democracy is only valid when fundamental rights of citizens are
guaranteed. Title IV of the 1940 Constitution covers the majority of
those rights, which need only be complemented with some social rights
that have taken root in the last few years. It must be a priority for a
new transition government to call for a new constitution. A new
constitution should take in mind the experience of other countries that
have created legal mechanisms to prevent the resurgence of totalitarian
There are enough experts in Constitutional Law in and out of Cuba, who
can create a new Magna Carta, taking as a basis the 1940 Constitution as
well as other foreign constitutions. Once the text has been developed,
it would be ratified by the democratically elected representatives of
the people and later by popular referendum.
IMPLEMENTATION OF A NEW ELECTIONS LAW.
There must be a process by which the first elections will take place
without excluding any citizen with the right to vote. There must also be
a national electoral census that collects data on all the citizens in
and out of the country that wish to vote in elections. Those citizens
holding now positions in the Popular Assembly, the Counsel of State, the
Counsel of Ministers, or the Communist Party, must be excluded from
running for elected office. Also, those who persecuted pro-democracy
and pro-human rights activists, and those who have violated human rights
must also be excluded from running for elected office.
TRANSFORMING A COMMAND ECONOMY INTO A MARKET ECONOMY.
It is important to establish a market economy under which private
property is a protected right. We emphasize that the speed in which
privatization will take place is not as important as the solid framework
in which it
should take place. We must examine the transparency with
which sales will take place and the adequacy of the prices available.
After decades of paternalistic dictatorship, a transition government
must have the responsibility to prevent the corruption and nepotism of
the present system.
The signatories of this document as representatives of our organizations
agree to put all our efforts to reach these objectives. Acting through
dialogue and consensus as members of an opposition, we seek to put in
practice what we maintain. At the same time, we agree that this document
will be valid as long as the communist regime or any camouflaged form of
it or transition government rules Cuba. Thereafter, it is up to the same
political and civic organizations to continue seeking positions that
will benefit the Cuban people. Many think that it will be very difficult
to reach the changes that Cuba needs so urgently; but placing citizens
and their needs at the center of our efforts, we will work tirelessly
towards a world of prosperity, liberty, and justice for our people
inside the context of a New Nation.
Signed this 20th of May of 2007, in the geographic territory and without
borders of a New Cuban Nation whose children promise to serve and love
her without difference as to where they may live.
Lic. Carlos Ríos Otero
Centro de Informació sobre Democracia
Alfredo M. Cepero
Partido Nacionalista Democrático de Cuba.
Carlos Miyares Falcón
Frente Democrático Independiente "Elena Mederos"
Rafael Ernesto Avila Pérez
Partido Popular Joven Cuba
Rev. Ariel Arteaga Castellón
Inst. Juvenil Cristiano de Estudios Sociales.
Rev. Padre Ricardo Medina Salabarría
Partido Republicano de Cuba.
Pedro Moisés Calderín
Movimiento de Derechos Humanos
Municipios de Cuba.
Carlos Ríos García
Sindicato Independiente Cambio
Yusniel Osorio Pérez